A tumour is a collection of abnormal cells that either form a new growth or were present when you were born (congenital). Tumors form when something goes wrong with the genes that control cell growth, allowing cells to grow and divide uncontrollably. Tumors can develop anywhere in the body. Brain and spinal cord tumours develop in the tissue that makes up the central nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord (CNS).
A growing tumour may not cause any symptoms, or it may kill or displace healthy cells, or it may disrupt their function, depending on its type. A tumour can move or press on sensitive tissue, obstructing blood and other fluid flow and causing pain and inflammation. A tumour can also obstruct normal brain activity or signalling to and from the brain. Some tumours do not cause any symptoms.
Tumors can be noncancerous (benign) or malignant (cancerous) (malignant).
Benign tumours can grow slowly or quickly, do not spread to other parts of the body, and are frequently surgically removed.
Malignant tumours have the ability to invade surrounding tissue. Some cancerous brain tumours can be surgically removed completely. Some malignant tumours have difficult-to-define edges, making it difficult for surgeons to remove the entire tumour by the doctors at Jaslok Hospital- the best hospital for emergency in Mumbai.
Tumors can be primary or secondary in nature.
Primary CNS tumours are growths that begin in the brain or spinal cord. They can be cancerous or benign.
Cancer cells that break away from a primary tumour elsewhere in your body and spread to the CNS cause metastatic tumours, also known as secondary tumours. They are more common than primary CNS tumours and occur more frequently in adults than in children.
There are over 120 different types of brain and spinal cord tumours. Some are named after the type of normal cell they most closely resemble, while others are named after their location. Brain and spinal cord tumours are not contagious and are not currently preventable.
Neurosurgery, also known as brain surgery, refers to surgical procedures performed on the brain or the structures surrounding it to correct any abnormalities such as tumours or aneurysms at Jaslok Hospital- the best hospital in Mumbai. It is a critical procedure that is carried out in a highly specialised environment by trained neurosurgeons. Recent advances in brain surgery have enabled a greater number of doctors to prescribe it in certain circumstances, and the brain surgery types to be performed are suggested by the doctor based on the location of the structural aberration, the individual’s health, and the severity of the issue. With more technological advancement in this field, minimally invasive brain surgery procedures using precision instruments are now possible, reducing the number of brain surgery risks associated with the procedure.
Any of the following conditions may necessitate brain surgery:
Prevent internal bleeding caused by an aneurysm.
Surgically remove a tumour
Release a pinched nerve in the brain area.
Remove pressure on the brain by draining an abscess or blood from an injury.
Best neurosurgeon in Mumbai at Jaslok Hospital conducts several assessments to determine whether or not a patient can undergo brain surgery. Blood tests to check for hormonal imbalances and other chemical factors, an electro echocardiogram (EEG) to determine heart function, and X-rays and MRI scans are among the tests available.
These tests enable a neurosurgeon to determine whether a brain surgery puts you at an increased risk for future concerns and assessments, which typically take place 1–3 weeks before brain surgery. This also enables the doctor to determine which brain surgery procedure is best suited to a patient, as well as the expected outcomes of brain surgery recovery.
Brain surgery preparation will also include a discussion with your doctor about which medications should be continued and which should be discontinued prior to the procedure. They will also talk about any drug or food allergies to help them decide on a diet and post-operative medication. Medical history, family history of blood or brain disorders, and alcohol use are all part of the pre-brain surgery preparations undertaken during a consultation with the neurosurgeon. Some patients may benefit from psychological counselling.
So, if you are looking forward to the best treatment in Mumbai then you must consult the best specialist at Jaslok Hospital.